Why this focus on children’s oral language? It is because language and the ability to communicate effectively are key foundations to students’ capacity to learn in the most general ways. Early oral language knowledge is essential for academic success in formal education. A better developed knowledge of language and how it is used means a greater capacity to learn and to manage and direct one’s activity as a learner.
Phonological and phonemic thinking and its links with early reading This paper describes phonological and phonemic knowledge and thinking, how this develops and how it links with early reading. It also describes a framework for teaching phonological and phonemic knowledge and thinking.
ICPALER: A teaching friendly framework for describing oral language Educators are increasingly recognizing the importance of oral language for learning generally. Not only do educators need to have this awareness, but they need to know what oral language ‘looks like’ and be able to see it in their interactions with their students. The ICPALER framework provides teachers and schools with a set of conceptual framework for understanding oral language.
What to teach: A summary of the ICPALER teaching framework This paper shows an overview of the types of teaching activities you can use to teach each aspect of the ICPALER framework. You will find a description of the various teaching procedures in Teaching oral language in the classroom using the ICPALER framework.
Teaching inferential comprehension strategies: Summary This paper describes a set of oral language based on using the 5W+ H question framework to teach readers to infer from what they read.